Veterans Day Là Ngày Gì

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History of Veterans Day

World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” - officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. However, fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations & Germany went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the kết thúc of “the war lớn kết thúc all wars.”

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Soldiers of the 353rd Infantry near a church at Stenay, Meuse in France, wait for the over of hostilities. This pholớn was taken at 10:58 a.m., on November 11, 1918, two minutes before the armistice ending World War I went into lớn effect

In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day with the following words: "To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us & because of the opportunity it has given America to lớn show her sympathy with peace và justice in the councils of the nations…"

The original concept for the celebration was for a day observed with parades and public meetings & a brief suspension of business beginning at 11:00 a.m.

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The United States Congress officially recognized the over of World War I when it passed a concurrent resolution on June 4, 1926, with these words:

Whereas the 11th of November 1918, marked the cessation of the most destructive sầu, sanguinary, và far reaching war in human annals & the resumption by the people of the United States of peaceful relations with other nations, which we hope may never again be severed, and

Whereas it is fitting that the recurring anniversary of this date should be commemorated with thanksgiving & prayer and exercises designed to perpetuate peace through good will và mutual understanding between nations; and

Whereas the legislatures of twenty-seven of our States have sầu already declared November 11 to lớn be a legal holiday: Therefore be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), that the President of the United States is requested to lớn issue a proclamation calling upon the officials to lớn display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on November 11 & inviting the people of the United States khổng lồ observe sầu the day in schools & churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies of friendly relations with all other peoples.

An Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holiday—a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace và to be thereafter celebrated and known as "Armistice Day." Armistice Day was primarily a day mix aside to honor veterans of World War I, but in 1954, after World War II had required the greatest mobilization of soldiers, sailors, Marines & airmen in the Nation’s history; after American forces had fought aggression in Korea, the 83rd Congress, at the urging of the veterans service organizations, amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word "Armistice" & inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With the approvhttdlvinhphuc.vnl of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.

Later that same year, on October 8th, President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued the first "Veterans Day Proclamation" which stated: "In order khổng lồ insure proper và widespread observhttdlvinhphuc.vnnce of this anniversary, all veterans, all veterans" organizations, và the entire citizenry will wish to join hands in the comtháng purpose. Toward this end, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans" Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include such other persons as the Chairman may select, & which will coordinate at the national màn chơi necessary planning for the observhttdlvinhphuc.vnnce. I am also requesting the heads of all departments & agencies of the Executive sầu branch of the Government khổng lồ assist the National Committee in every way possible."

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President Eisenhower signing HR7786, changing Armistice Day khổng lồ Veterans Day. From left: Alvin J. King, Wayne Richards, ArthurJ.Connell, John T. Nation, Edward Rees, Richard L. Trombla, Howard W. Watts

On that same day, President Eisenhower sent a letter to lớn the Honorable Harvey V. Higley, Administrator of Veterans" Affairs (vhttdlvinhphuc.vn), designating hlặng as Chairman of the Veterans Day National Committee.

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In 1958, the Nhà Trắng advised vhttdlvinhphuc.vn"s General Counsel that the 1954 designation of the vhttdlvinhphuc.vn Administrator as Chairman of the Veterans Day National Committee applied lớn all subsequent vhttdlvinhphuc.vn Administrators. Since March 1989 when vhttdlvinhphuc.vn was elevhttdlvinhphuc.vnted to a cabinet level department, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs has served as the committee"s chairman.

The Unisize Holiday Bill (Public Law 90-363 (82 Stat. 250)) was signed on June 28, 1968, và was intended to ensure three-day weekends for Federal employees by celebrating four national holidays on Mondays: Washington"s Birthday, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, & Columbus Day. It was thought that these extended weekends would encourage travel, recreational & cultural activities và stimulate greater industrial và commercial production. Many states did not agree with this decision và continued to celebrate the holidays on their original dates.

The first Veterans Day under the new law was observed with much confusion on October 25, 1971. It was quite apparent that the commemoration of this day was a matter of historic & patriotic significance lớn a great number of our citizens, và so on September 20th, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford signed Public Law 94-97 (89 Stat. 479), which returned the annual observhttdlvinhphuc.vnnce of Veterans Day lớn its original date of November 11, beginning in 1978. This action supported the desires of the overwhelming majority of state legislatures, all major veterans service organizations and the American people.

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Veterans Day continues to lớn be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. The restoration of the observhttdlvinhphuc.vnnce of Veterans Day khổng lồ November 11 not only preserves the historical significance of the date, but helps focus attention on the important purpose of Veterans Day: A celebration to honor America"s veterans for their patriotism, love sầu of country, and willingness lớn serve sầu và sacrifice for the common good.