Tran quoc pagoda in hanoi, vietnam

Tran Quoc Pagoda is one of the most attractive destinations in Hanoi - the capital of Vietnam. You can see this article as the travel guide when you visit Tran Quoc Pagoda.


According lớn historical records, the pagoda started to be built in 541 on the ngân hàng of the Red River, outside of the Yen Phu Dyke and completed in 545 under the reign of Emperor Ly nam De. It was initially named Khai Quoc Pagoda (National Founder Pagoda). During the Ly Dynasty, Khai Quoc Pagoda became the Buddhist Center of the Thang Long Citadel, accepting the teachings of many Zen masters.

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Tran Quoc Pagoda is located on Kim Nguu islet within West Lake, just off Thanh Nien road


Due khổng lồ the river’s encroachment, in 1961, the pagoda was relocated to lớn Kim đần độn (Golden Fish) islet of the West Lake – its current address. The pagoda then continued to go through major changes regarding its name & construction over the following decades.

These alterations tied khổng lồ the name of ruling kings at the time. Its name was changed as Tran Quoc (National Defense) during the reign of King Le Hy Tong (1680-1705).


At the beginning of the Nguyen Dynasty, the pagoda was further refurbished, và statues, bell-shaped. In 1842, King Thieu Tri visited the pagoda & renamed it Tran Bac (Guardian of the North). However, the local people still regard it as Tran Quoc pagoda.


Unique Architecture

Like other temples in Vietnam, the most outstanding feature of Tran Quoc Pagoda is its architecture following strictly Buddhist architectural philosophy with many layers of buildings & three main houses.


Walking along the slightly curved road leading to lớn the temple, visitors would encounter Tien Duong (Front House), one among the holy trinity, overlooking the West, while incense burning house and Thuong Dien (Upper House) are located further inside.

The highlight of the precinct is the 15m tall tower called Bao Thap (Precious Stupa), which was built in 1998 with 11 floors. Each floor consists of 6 domed doorways where the Amitabha Buddha statues are placed.

On the vị trí cao nhất of the tower is a precious nine-layers stone lotus. Besides, Tran Quoc Pagoda is compared khổng lồ a small museum of ancient worship statues & priceless antiques. They were carved và polished meticulously by the skillful hands of craftsmen.

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It would be a miss if not mentioning the Bodhi tree, regarded as Buddhism symbol, symmetrically with the stupa in the garden of Tran Quoc Pagoda. It is a gift of the former Indian President Razendia Prasat on the occasion of his visit khổng lồ Hanoi in 1959. It is believed that this is a branch of the sacred Bodhi tree where Sakyamuni meditation to achieve enlightenment 25 centuries ago. Now the tree is green và easily recognizable in accordance with the heart-shaped leaves.


Tran Quoc Pagoda is a harmonious combination of the elegant landscape & Buddhist architecture, creating a special spiritual space. It is a reason why it becomes very famous & attracts many domestic and international visitors. Daily Mail newspaper also listed Tran Quoc Pagoda among one of the 16 most beautiful pagodas in the world.

How to lớn get to Tran Quoc Pagoda

Map of route from Hoan Kiem Lake to lớn Tran Quoc PagodaLocated about 2km north of Ho bỏ ra Minh Complex or 5km from Hoan Kiem Lake, Tran Quoc Pagoda can be reached by some different means of transportation:

– By public bus: Yes, this is the cheapest option, about 7,000 VND/ a ticket. You can get bus No. 55B, 31, 14 near Hoan Kiem Lake khổng lồ stop at An Duong – Yen Phu bus station, then you can walk around 5 minutes to get to the pagoda.

– By metered/ Grab taxi: Another option is to lớn take a taxi khổng lồ get there easily. It is better to lớn book a taxi drive via Grab application – very popular in Vietnam – on your điện thoại phone and you know exactly how much you will pay for it.

– By private car: If you choose this option, it is suggested to book a guided Hanoi city tour including this place with a local agency. A private driver & tour guide will accompany you và give you more informative knowledge than exploring the place by yourself.


Useful Advices

Tran Quoc Pagoda – one of key attractions in Hanoi

– Dress conservatively out of respect for the monks và locals.

– The pagoda is often crowded with a lot of worshippers & locals during annual festivals: Tet holiday and Buddha’s birthday, and on 1st và 15th days of each lunar month. If you don’t fancy a huge crowd, it is better lớn avoid these days.

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– The pagoda is xuất hiện daily from 8:00 AM khổng lồ 4:00 PM. It is không tính phí to visit all year round but you can give a small donation.